Stasis vs. change. Female vs. male, violence vs. affection, work vs. play. Control vs. exploration. Scripted vs. invented.
Labor and TV entertainment make strange bedfellows. When they meet, the result is mostly mutual incomprehension. Each contains, and represents, a world of its own. Rohrwacher posits her protagonist as somewhere in between those two worlds. Gelsomina has a facility with the honey-making process, but she is also drawn to the superfluous performativity of the TV show hostess. Her navigation of these potential (gendered) selves is what makes this film more than just a standard decrying of modernity's crassness.
Other highlights: the unwanted camel, a relic of when the father thought he knew his daughter. The unexplained German presence in the film, as random here as it must have been in Rohrwacher's life. The metaphorical shadowplay in the cave. The things kids say. Bees invading the frame.